Video game history
Video game history began in 1951, Ralph Baer, a television engineer, visualized the idea of an interactive television. In 1952, A.S. Douglas created OXO, a graphical version of tic-tac-toe, which was played on an EDSAC computer with a cathode-ray tube for a visual display. In 1958, the first real video game was created by William Higinbotham, called "Tennis for Two" and played on an oscilloscope. The first computer game was Steve Russell's "SpaceWar!" The first man in video game history to create a game for the television was Ralph Baer in 1967, called "Chase."
In 1971, "SpaceWar!" became the influence for a coin-operated arcade game, named "Computer Space," which was unsuccessful. Nolan Bushnell, one of the creators of "Computer Space," founded Atari in 1972, which released "Pong," the first successful arcade video game. Also in 1972, the first handheld electronic game, Tic-Tac-Toe, was released.
The year 1972 proved to be an important one in video game history games. The Magnavox Odyssey, the first game console for the home, was released, but wasn't very popular. It was in 1975, when Atari released its home version of "Pong", when home video games became very popular.
The debate over the content of video games is a part of early video game history. "Death Race," an arcade game invented in 1976, sparked controversy due to it's violent play: the player of the game was to run over gremlins with a car.
In 1978, "Space Invaders" was released, as was Atari's biggest hit, "Asteroids." The first handheld game console, the Microvision, was released in 1979, but discontinued two years later.
As time passed, the arcade games became less popular as home video games became more popular. New home systems continued to be introduced, and video games continued to advance. Even today, new video game consoles are being released with more advanced games with better quality graphics.
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