History of photography

The term 'photography' was first used in 1839 by Sir John F.W. Herschel, a scientist. Despite the camera's relatively short life as we know it, the history of photography and it's influences and contributors extends much further into the past than many might imagine.

Mo-Ti, a Chinese philosopher of the 5th century BC, was the first to mention the camera obscura, although it was not named this until the 17th century. Camera obscura is seen when light travels through a pinhole, and, instead of scattering, the light, which travels in a straight line, crosses to reorganizes itself an upside down version of the original image on a flat service across from the pinhole. The camera obscura is important to the history of photography because it is this knowledge which led to the making of the camera; input a light sensitive material to capture the image, and you have a photograph!

In 1814, the first image was captured using camera obscura by Joseph Nicephore Niepce. It needed eight hours of exposure to light, and ended up fading. Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre invented the daguerreotype, the first fixed photograph, which required less than thirty minutes of light exposure and did not fade, in 1837, which was a big step for the history of photography.

Multiple copies were made possible in 1841 by Henry Talbot's Calotype process, and in 1851, Frederick Scott Archer invented the Collodion process, making it possible to capture a photograph with only two or three seconds of light exposure. In 1871, Richard Lee Maddox invented a process relieving photographers from needing to develop negatives right away.

The following years in the history of photography involved many advancements for the technology, including photographic film, the first mass-marketed camera in 1900, the modern flash bulb in 1927, color film in 1963, and the invention many of us use today, the digital camera.