History of Germany

Germany history is full of conflict and violence. From the beginning, battles have been fought for control of lands and territories. By the 100 BC, Germanic tribes had migrated into the central and southern regions of what is Germany today and by 9 AD, Germans had fought and defeated Roman, stopping their attempt at dominating the German land. Around 260 AD, the German tribes broke through the Roman defensive lines and advanced, starting the period of the Great Migrations.

From the 2nd to the 6th centuries AD, a period of change occurred in Germany history, Germanic tribes migrated to newly acquired lands, but most of these settlements did not last. The late 5th century saw the Frankish tribes defeat the Roman Gaul, which eventually lead to the Franks founding a civilized German state.

From the end of the 5th century to the mid-8th century, Roman and Germany history greatly intermingled, with a mixed Roman-Germanic kingdom established. By the end of the 8th century, the Frankish land included France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, part of Spain, most of Germany and Austria, and most of the northern part of Italy. The first German king was elected in 911, which is the year seen by many as the beginning of Germany history.

From that period until today, Germany has seen the rise and fall of many rulers and much violence and despair. Like many countries, Germany has had periods of expansion, and other times when their lands were lost. Recent German history entails the loss of wars, wealth and power. The rise and fall of Hitler is a huge event in the recent history of Germany, with many people losing their lives in that time. Hitler's invasion of Poland marked the beginning of World War II, which ended another defeat for Germany. After the war, Germany was divided into four military occupation zones, not to be reunited until 1990.