History of Canada

Canadian history began with English and French colonists settling in eastern Canada for fishing and to support the fur trade. Samuel de Champlain and Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Monts began the French colonization in 1604 in Acadia and in 1608 in Quebec. Due to the loss of the numerous battles, France lost most of it's colonies in North America to Britain and Spain.

One cannot speak of Canadian history without including the United States. The American Revolution reduced British North America to Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Quebec. In 1784, Britain created New Brunswick, and Quebec became Lower and Upper Canada in 1791.

Between 1837 and 1838, a number of rebellions took place against the British colonial government. All of these rebellions were unsuccessful. In 1848, the colony of British Columbia was established, in 1849, Vancouver Island was established, and after the unsuccessful rebellions, Lower and Upper Canada united as the Province of Canada. Other territories and colonies were integrated into the Canadian confederation after 1867, and, excluding Newfoundland and Labrador, which joined in 1949, Canada in 1880 included all of the lands that are present today.

Probably one of the most important times in Canadian history was the settling of western Canada. Many rebellions took place, and seven treaties were signed with natives for the land. In 1873, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police were created for law and order. Settlement of the west was greatly aided through the opening of the transcontinental Canadian Pacific Railway.

Other significant events in Canadian history are The Great War, The Great Depression, and World War II. As part of the British Empire, Canada played its part in the wars, and became a major supporter of the United Kingdom before the United States entered World War II. The Great Depression is said to have had the worst effect on Canada.